Sunday, April 15, 2012

Gender Specific Language


 The American Heritage Book of English Usage says :
As a general rule, it is good to remember that you should only refer to a person by category when it is relevant or necessary to the discussion at hand. That is, you should ordinarily view people as individuals and not mention their racial, ethnic, or other status, unless it is important to your larger purpose in communicating.
There are simple ways to replace gender specific language with gender neutral language (many of these are becoming widely used):
  • chairman … chair
  • manned … staffed
  • fireman … firefighter
  • policeman … police officer
  • stewardess … flight attendant
  • mailman … mail carrier
Perhaps one of the biggest issues for writers is clarity. Since gender specific language might jar some readers out of the reading flow, we want to be careful.

Some ways that people try to get around it is to use words like they or their to replace he or she. Anybody see the potential grammar problem?

It's when the writer doesn't continue the change to make everything match.

For example, this is gender specific:

If a patient is late in arriving, he must pay a late fee.

Try using one of these gender neutral sentences instead:

Any patient who is late in enrolling must pay an additional fee.

Patients who are late in arriving must pay an additional fee.

If a patient is late in arriving, he or she must pay an additional fee.

NOT

If a patient is late in arriving, they must pay an additional fee.

The problem with the last one is patient is singular but they is plural. The writer didn't continue the change to make everything match. It's like adorable Dobby's disharmonized socks.


Oops!

It's easy to fix by changing patient to patients.

There are some obvious areas where writers shouldn't be guided by this modern trend. The language in historical fiction should represent the culture at the time the book is set.

SciFi and Fantasy writers can pretty much do anything they want, since they're world building anyway. Right? I love it when SciFi or Fantasy authors cleverly create words, expletives, etc. that are a reflection of their worlds/cultures.

Can you think of any other genres that can ignore this particular grammar rule? Do you have ways that you're politically correct when you write to avoid "jarring" your readers?

4 comments:

Pat Hatt said...

Some good tips, never thought about it a whole lot but yeah it isn't really that hard to change the language when you think about it, just have to think about it..haha

Theresa Milstein said...

I like it when we could mix singular and plural, do we didn't have the "he" and "she" dilemma. When did they decide it had to be more precise?

The Golden Eagle said...

Yeah, that's why my favorite genre is SF . . . there's less of a need to worry about gender-specific language. :P

Kidding. But I agree, it's interesting how some authors handle making new words as substitutes.

Arthur Brill said...

Since you mentioned world building, I have to post a link to my other blog, Shatterworld. It is first and foremost designed as a role playing game setting, but I've got some stories up my sleeve.

http://shatterworldrpg.blogspot.com/